A Visitor's Guide to London
The Social Season 1890 - 1910
"The City and the East End, consisting of that part of London which lies to the E. of the Temple, form the commercial and money-making quarter of the Metropolis. It embraces the Port, the Docks, the Custom House, the Bank, the Exchange, the innumerable counting-houses of merchants, money-changers, brokers, and underwriters, the General Post Office, the printing and publishing offices of The Times, the legal corporation of the Inns of Court and the Cathedral of St. Paul, towering above them all."
"The West End, or that part of the town to the W. of the Temple, is the quarter of London which spends money, makes laws, and regulates the fashions. It contains the Palace of the Queen, the Mansions of the aristocracy, the Clubs, Museums, Picture Galleries, Theatres, Barracks, Government Offices, Houses of Parliament, and Westminster Abbey; and its the special locality for parks, squares, and gardens, for gorgeous equipages and powdered lackeys."
"The City Proper, which strictly speaking forms a county of itself and is not included in Middlesex, is bounded on the W. by the site of Temple Bar and Southampton Buildings, on the N. by Holborn, Smithfield, Barbien, and Finsbury Circus; on the E. by Bishopsgate Without, Petticoat lane, Aldgate, and the Minories; and on the S. by the Thames."
"Westminster, to the W. of the City, bounded on the N. by Bayswater Road and Oxford Street, on the W. by Chelsea, Kensington, and Brompton, and on the S. by the Thames, comprises three of the parliamentary boroughs."
"The remaining parliamentary boroughs are Battersea, Bethnal Green, Camberwell, Chelsea, Deptford, Finsbury, Fulham, Greenwich, Hackney, Hammersmith, Hampstead, Islington, Kensington, Lambeth, Lewisham, Marylebone, Newington, Paddington, St. Pancras, Shoreditch, Southwark, Tower Hamlets, Wandsworth, and Woolwich."
(Baedeker's London and its Environs 1900, p. 94-96).